What Is Genital Herpes?

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease in which fluid-filled herpetic sores occur in your genital area. They can cause pain and itching, while at some times, they may show no symptoms. Herpes infection is caused by a herpes simplex virus that can live dormant in your body. There is no such cure for genital herpes, but medications can help in coping up with symptoms. Condoms can help in preventing it. If you have sores or blisters in your genital region, visit the best sexologist in Islamabad. 

What are the signs and symptoms of genital herpes?

Some people may not feel any symptoms with herpes simplex infection, while some may feel them after 2 to 12 days of exposure. Those signs and symptoms may include:

Pain in the genital region

Itching in the genital region

Ulcers or blisters in the genital region that ooze out pus or blood and makes it difficult to urinate.

Muscle ache



Swollen lymph nodes

Crust appears over ulcers in some time.

Herpes infection is contagious. 

If you touch or rub your hands at the affected area or sores, and then touch them at some other part of your body, you will eventually contaminate the other part of your body. Therefore, it can spread from one place to another.

Make sure if you touch the infectious ulcer, you readily wash your hands. If you would not do that, you can get an infection in other parts of the body as well.

A pregnant mother suffering from genital herpes can transfer it to her baby. The baby may have blisters all over the body, face, and genitals. Moreover, it may result in more complications like brain damage, eye damage that can lead to blindness, and even death. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant and suffering from genital herpes because they will deliver your baby through the cesarean section as it may reduce the chances of transmitting it to the baby. 

What causes herpes infection?

Generally, there are two types of causative agents of herpes infection. 

Herpes Simplex virus I- mostly, it causes cold and blisters around the lips. The chances of its recurrences are less.

Herpes Simplex virus II- it is a more common and highly contagious virus that causes genital herpes. 

HSV I and HSV II both can be found in the infected person’s saliva, semen, and vaginal secretion.

How can genital herpes be treated?

Genital herpes can be treated by:


Antiviral medications will help in getting rid of the infection. You may take them if you have tingling, itching, and burning of the genital regions. Also, people who get recurrent herpes infection may be prescribed antivirals for a long time or as a preventive measure to stop the outbreak.


To get rid of the infection, keep the affected area clean. Make sure to shower regularly or bathe with warm water. Applying mild cleansers may also help. Do not wear light clothing made up of harsh fabrics. 

How can you prevent genital herpes?

For the prevention of genital herpes infection, you must practice safe sex. Condoms also help in stopping its spread. Generally, women are more prone to get it from men.


Herpes Simplex infection is a contagious infection that can spread upon direct contact, and genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease. There are no such medications for its prevention and treatment. But some antivirals may help in coping up with symptoms. Herpes simplex virus can stay in your body in an inactive state and can become active if you are under stress, fatigued, or due to any other illness. 

If you are pregnant and have genital herpes, you must tell your healthcare providers about it because you can transmit it to your child. Genital herpes, when transmitted from mother to child, can result in blindness in the child as well as other life-threatening conditions. 

Herpes simplex virus is highly contagious. Therefore wash your hands readily if you touch the infected area. If you do not do that, you can transmit it from one part of the body to another.

If you are having a burning sensation, tingling, or sores in your genital region, visit a  top sexologist in Islamabad.

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